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EFSA - European Federation Of Sea Anglers

Garfish ( belone belone) record

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GARFISH / BELONE BELONE
4 8 0.90 2.0 Gronsund Denmark 010691 S. Jorgensen
6 12 1.19 2.10 La Teste France 140502 D. Mesure
AT AT 1.65 3.10 Kinsale Eire 67 E. Bazzard
*SH SH 1.47 3.4 Porthoustock England 95 F.Willams

Garfish or belone belone

prefer warm water hence the garfish is on the edge of it's northern limit around the British Isles during the Summer months. Garfish are a surface living species and are rarely found more than ten metres down during the Summer, although they will spend most of their lives off-shore over deep water. They can be found hunting in shallow water just below the surface during the late Spring and Summer. More common in the warmer waters of Southern Europe.

Garfish (belone belone)Garfish are d ifficult to confuse with any other species of sea fish. The garfish are extremely long fish, reaching around a metre in length, yet weighing only around three pounds. Garfish also have a long, tooth-filled beak that is ideal for catching the small fish and zooplankton that they feed upon. With it's blue back and silver flanks the garfish is well camouflaged, but it's main anti-predator defence is it's turn of speed.

Garfish are predators feeding upon fish of less than 3cm in length. They spend their lives close to the water surface, often following the breaks between oceanic and coastal waters where the densities of plankton are highest. Their diet consists of small fish, crustaceans and the early stages of a whole host of marine animals.

Garfish move inshore to spawn in the late Spring. The eggs are released into the surface waters and are fertilised externally. The larvae measure only a few millimetres in length and feed on phytoplankton, switching to the richer zooplankton as they grow.

 
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