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EFSA - European Federation Of Sea Anglers

Plaice (PLEURONECTES PLATESSA)

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PLAICE / PLUERONECTES PLATESSA
2 4 2.64 5.13 Weymouth England 120498 R. Barron
4 8 2.80 6.3 Belleville-Sur-Mer France 041211 G Fourrier
6 12 3.23 7.2 Aghada Eire 260998 R. Marschalek
8 16 2.84 6.4 Weymouth England 040499 G. Hazel
AT AT 5.00 11.0 Thorshavn Denmark 030888 M. Andersen
*SH SH 3.82 8.6 Bournemouth England 89 R. Moore

The Plaice (PLEURONECTES PLATESSA) is found in the Northeast Atlantic from Greenland and Norway south to Morocco; Spain and France in the Mediterranean. Also known from the White Sea and Estonia .

The Plaice is smooth with small scales. It has a bony ridge behind the eyes. The upper side is brown or greenish brown with irregularly distributed bright red or orange spots. The underside is white. Lateral line straight, slightly curved above pectoral fin. It also has a Dorsal fin reaching the eye and more than 30 vertebrae.

The Plaice lives on mixed bottoms, the older the deeper the occurrence. Small individuals are usually seen on bathing beaches (Ref. 9988). Reported to be a resident intertidal species with homing behavior).

The Plaice feeds mainly on thin-shelled mollusks and polychaetes. The most important flatfish for fisheries in Europe. Utilized fresh and frozen; eaten steamed, fried, boiled, microwaved and baked (Ref. 9988). Active at night in the very shallow water while day time is spent buried in the sand. Stationary for long periods, tagging experiments have shown that their spawning migrations can be long. Changes in the environmental conditions have been disadvantageous. Populations in Kattegat and Danish belts decreased in 1980's and early 1990's due to discharge of nutritive salts. Wadden sea is still an excellent nursery ground.

Information supplied by http://www.fishbase.org

 
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