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Electric Ray (TORPEDO NOBILIANA)

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RAY, ELECTRIC / TORPEDO NOBILIANA
15 30 5.5 12.2 Arcachon France 010802 P.Sebile
*AT AT 43.57 96.1 Dodman Point England 75 N. Cowley
*SH SH 23.89 52.11 Porthallow England 80 M. Wills

The Electic Ray (TORPEDO NOBILIANA)

is found in the Eastern Atlantic from Scotland (rare in North Sea) to Morocco, in the whole of Mediterranean, but not in the Black Sea. Also Cap Blanc in Mauritania to Gulf of Guinea, São Tomé Island; Walvis Bay, Namibia to Mossel Bay, South Africa. It is also found in the Western Atlantic from Nova Scotia, Canada south to Brazil.

The electric ray is a large ray with a huge, paddle-shaped caudal fin and with no papillae around spiracles. It is shiny black or dark grey above, with a white underside. Other features include a broad subcircular disc, short snout anterior to the eyes, smooth skin and short thick tail. Dark chocolate to purplish brown above, without spots, white below, but with edges of disc and pelvic fins of same hue as upper surface, tail with irregular dark margins.

electric ray (TORPEDO NOBILIANA)

Juveniles benthic over soft bottoms or near coral reefs from 10-150 m; adults are semi-pelagic to pelagic, swimming in the water column and have been reported to migrate over long distances. The electric ray feeds mainly on pelagic and benthic bony fishes and small sharks. It is ovoviviparous. Another notable characteristic is that it packs a powerful electric shock of up to 220 volts.

The maximum published weight is 90.0 kg. The resilience of the electric ray is low with a minimum population doubling time of 4.5-14 years (up to 60 offspring only).

The electric ray can be found in subtropical climate from 60 degrees North to 35 degrees South and 82 degrees West to 36 degrees East.

Information suppied by http://www.fishbase.org

 
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